Monday, May 4, 2015

Israeli military GAME CHANGER to combat IED attacks

Finally after many lives lost due to IED attacks the Israeli military has unveiled new technology to render IED useless. Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), unveils its new CIMS (Counter IED and Mine Suite) - an integrated suite of sensors, for protection of tactical maneuvering vehicles. CIMS will be displayed at the 2014 Annual Association of the United States Army (AUSA) Meeting & Exposition in Washington DC, from October 13-15, 2014 (IAI North America - Booth #2039).

Although mines and IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices) are not new to the war scene, the use of these devices has become a matter of concern for modern armies both in regular and assymetric warfare. The CIMS suite was designed under the premise that no one sensor can provide the adequate probability of detection and low false-alarm rate required by today's operational needs.

The CIMS suite detects both surface and underground IEDs, mines, and roadside bombs, and consists of an ADS - Above-surface Detection System, and MIDS - underground Mine and IED Detection System. The ADS includes a groundbreaking side-looking SAR radar, high-resolution optical detection system and an infrared multispectral investigation system. MIDS comprises a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and a magnetic detector.

Integration of the sensor suite through a central processing and management system delivers accurate synergetic real-time mapping of IED threats to the warfighter, requiring minimal training and decision-making. The CIMS suite and its subsystems can be adapted to any combat tactical vehicle.

"CIMS was designed first and foremost to save lives," said Nissim Hadas, IAI VP & ELTA President. "Our combination of unique sensors allows a simple and highly effective mine and IED detection system to be provided to forward forces. We see huge potential for this system and consider it to be a groundbreaking solution."

An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action. It may be constructed of conventional military explosives, such as an artillery round, attached to a detonating mechanism. Roadside bombs are a common use of IEDs.

IEDs are generally seen in heavy terrorist actions or in unconventional warfare by guerrillas or commando forces in a theater of operations. In the second Iraq War, IEDs were used extensively against US-led invasion forces and by the end of 2007 they had become responsible for approximately 63% of coalition deaths in Iraq.[1] They are also used in Afghanistan by insurgent groups, and have caused over 66% of coalition casualties in the 2001–present Afghanistan War.[2]

IEDs were also used extensively by cadres of the rebel Tamil Tiger (LTTE) organization against military targets in Sri Lanka.[3][4]

The term Improvised Explosive Device comes from the British Army in the 1970s, after the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) used bombs made from agricultural fertilizer and semtex smuggled from Libya to make highly effective boobytrap devices or remote-controlled bombs. An IED is a bomb fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy or incapacitate personnel or vehicles. In some cases, IEDs are used to distract, disrupt, or delay an opposing force, facilitating another type of attack.[5] IEDs may incorporate military or commercially sourced explosives, and often combine both types, or they may otherwise be made with homemade explosives (HME).

An IED has five components: a switch (activator), an initiator (fuse), container (body), charge (explosive), and a power source (battery). An IED designed for use against armoured targets such as personnel carriers or tanks will be designed for armour penetration, by using a shaped charge that creates an explosively formed penetrator. IEDs are extremely diverse in design, and may contain many types of initiators, detonators, penetrators, and explosive loads. Antipersonnel IEDs typically also contain fragmentation-generating objects such as nails, ball bearings or even small rocks to cause wounds at greater distances than blast-pressure alone could. IEDs are triggered by various methods, including remote control, infra-red or magnetic triggers, pressure-sensitive bars or trip wires (victim-operated). In some cases, multiple IEDs are wired together in a daisy-chain, to attack a convoy of vehicles spread out along a roadway.

IEDs made by inexperienced designers or with substandard materials may fail to detonate, and in some cases actually detonate on either the maker or the emplacer of the device (these unintended early detonations are known as pre-detonations, "own goals", or "self-resolving bomb-tech removal" if the placer is killed in the detonation). Some groups, however, have been known to produce sophisticated devices that are constructed