Tuesday, January 20, 2015
Judaism: Pharaoh vs. Moses Complete dominion over others that is based upon a colossal lie of superhuman status eventually is doomed to collapse. It may take centuries for this to occur but history has shown us that it always does occur. Rabbi Berel Wein
The extended, tension filled, confrontation between Moses and Pharaoh forms the backdrop for theof the plagues and the redemption of the Jewish people from Egypt. Pharaoh, from the outset, is unwilling to consider the offer of Moses to allow the Jewish people a three day furlough to worship God in the desert.
The commentators to the Torah differ as to whether or not this was a sincere offer by Moses or simply a negotiating gambit to loosenof Pharaoh on the Jewish slaves. We do not find that God specifically endorsed or instructed Moses to make such a proposal to Pharaoh. Nevertheless, all of these questions and difficulties are rendered moot by the fact that Pharaoh never for a moment really considered giving in to the demands of Moses. Even later, after coming under the pressure of the plagues and the wishes of his own advisors, Pharaoh agrees to the three-day sojourn in the desert, he refuses to allow the families of the slaves to accompany them, thus obviating his seeming concession to Moses.
Pharaoh’s stubbornness, his intransigence in the face of the reality of the plagues is characteristic of people who view themselves as gods and superior beings. Pharaoh cannot afford any show of compromise orto the demands of Moses. For by so doing, he would admit to the fact that in truth he is not a god and thus his entire basis for rule over Egypt would be threatened.
Moses, on the other hand, does possess superhuman qualities. But the one main quality that the Torah itself most emphasizes in its description of Moses over his decades of leadership is a most human one – humility, modesty, the realization ofthe created and the Creator.
The opening verses of the Torah reading of Vaera are a lesson of human humility. The Jewish people and Moses himself complained to God that somehow things were not going according to the plan that they envisioned. God’s response is that one of the limitations of humans is that they can never truly fathom God’s will and His direction of human affairs. This is an important lesson that Moses must learn and assimilate into his personality on his life’s journey that will eventually make him “the most humble of all human beings.” Someone who is able to communicate with Heaven freely and almost at will, who can perform miracles and bring plagues upon a mighty empire, can easily be seduced into believing in himself and his powers and abilities.
Thus the opening sentences of that Torah reading are vitally important for they are the key to the humility of Moses and thus to the salvation of the Jewish people from Egyptian bondage. We must always be wary of the great human being who slips into the belief that he is somehow superhuman. It is this issue that highlights and contrasts the two antagonists – Pharaoh and Moses - in the drama of the Jewish redemption from Egypt.